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How to Meet the Non-Cleared Margin Rules

An indispensable resource to help you determine if you’re captured by the requirements and how to successfully navigate the implications for your business.

Margin Rules 101 Who is Captured?

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The Journey

Compliance with the margin requirements is a journey. It begins by determining whether you are included under the rules.

If you are captured, the rules will impact the entire lifecycle of your trade from inception through to post trade settlement.

Pre-Trade: Select your custodian, decide how your margin will be segregated and sign the necessary legal documents.

Exchange: Issue or respond to a margin call, select eligible collateral to post and deliver those assets, while receiving margin in return.

Settlement: Reconcile and report your trades, while monitoring and screening IM on an ongoing basis.

The Journey: From Start to Finish Download The Journey Video Transcript (PDF 247 KB) Download Your Journey Map (PDF 135 KB)
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Am I Included?

Determining whether you are in-scope is based on whether your average aggregate notional amount of non-cleared OTC derivatives exceeds a certain threshold over a certain period of time.

Take the test to find out how the Non-Cleared Margin Rules impact you.

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Let’s Get Started

Meeting the Non-Cleared Margin Rules need not be complicated. Here, you can learn about the individual steps toward compliance, explained simply across Pre-Trade, Exchange, and Settlement.

Begin the journey

Start

Meeting the Non-Cleared Margin Rules need not be complicated. Here, you can learn about the individual steps toward compliance, explained simply across Pre-Trade, Exchange, and Settlement.

Pre-Trade

Before you trade, you have some important decisions to make around where you will custody, what kind of margin you’ll accept and how your collateral will be segregated.

Ready to Exchange

You’ve executed your trade and now it’s time to exchange collateral. Get ready to calculate how much margin you’ll need and which assets you'll post.

Settlement

Now your trade is settled, ensure it receives the ongoing post-trade monitoring and reporting it requires.

Finish

Congratulations, if you have completed all of these steps you are ready to comply with the Non-Cleared Margin Rules.

Start
Finish
Pre-Trade
Ready To Exchange
Settlement
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Your Role

Everybody has a part to play in compliance. Here’s a quick snapshot of the elements you should consider concerning your responsibilities.

  • Legal Counsel
  • Portfolio Manager
  • Compliance Manager
  • IT Manager
  • Head of Operations
  • Risk Manager

Legal Counsel

You don’t need to be told that new trading relationships may involve lengthy negotiations and extensive documentation work. This is no ordinary repapering exercise though: this time around you’ll need to agree to new collateral and trading documents with every counterparty with which you trade derivatives.

Your key steps:

  • Agree Legal Documentation
  • Margin Calls
Helpful tips
  1. Start work early to familiarize yourself with the various legal agreements you will need, from custody agreements and account control agreements to eligible collateral schedules.
  2. Negotiate documents with counterparties simultaneously to save time and prevent duplication.
  3. Partner with a collateral manager if you have many bilateral trading partnerships to renegotiate.
  4. Start the papering process as soon as possible.
  5. You’ll be at the heart of negotiating collateral schedules with counterparties – familiarize yourself with the benefits of online schedule managers like RULE.

Portfolio Manager

As a trader you may not be interested in collateral requirements and settlement issues, but you will soon need to be. Securities in your portfolio are going to be posted as IM, so the acceptability of assets as eligible collateral will be a significant consideration for you going forward.

Your key steps:

  • Margin Calls
  • Eligibility Analysis
  • Collateral Selection
  • Collateral Transformation
Helpful tips
  1. Familiarize yourself with the type of assets that can be used as IM.
  2. When looking at assets, gauge whether a higher yield outweighs an inability to post the security as margin.
  3. Securing a comprehensive view of your portfolio will better position you to most efficiently and optimally post margin. Tools such as Orchestrator can help.
  4. Investigate how securities finance can help you exchange ineligible assets for acceptable securities.
  5. This may be an opportunity for you – explore how you can minimize any drag on the performance of your portfolio.

Compliance Manager

With compliance resting on your shoulders, your first responsibility is to figure out if your firm will be subject to the regulations. If your company is captured, it’s then up to you to ensure adherance to the new obligations.

Your key steps:

  • Am I Included
  • Counterparty Schedule
  • Post-Settlement Obligations
Helpful tips
  1. Conduct an estimation of whether your firm will be captured using a margin calculator.
  2. Assessing your firm’s ability to meet the various steps to compliance early on will be critical in your choice of custodian.
  3. Each of the steps outlined in the Non-Cleared Margin map can take months to complete – so start early!
  4. Ensure you are checking collateral eligibility to avoid wrong-way risk.

IT Manager

A simple spreadsheet may have sufficed for meeting margin calls previously, but the scale of the Non-Cleared Margin challenge demands electronic solutions. You will be instrumental in providing the technical tools to enable your firm to meet this challenge.

Your key steps:

  • Counterparty Schedule
  • Margin Calls
  • Post-Settlement Obligations
Helpful tips
  1. Begin the groundwork for the connectivity build around linking electronically to custodians, margin hubs and portfolio reconciliation services.
  2. If you are processing margin calls via email, consider other processes and alternatives to which your counterparties are connecting.
  3. Ensure your process for instructing security movements will be able to accommodate substantially increased volumes.
  4. Develop a technology solution that ensures your entity can only accept regulatory eligible collateral from counterparties.
  5. Partnering with a third-party collateral manager can provide many of the necessary electronic solutions and integrate them within your front and back office systems.

Head of Operations

Your world is about to get much more complex. You will be tasked with setting up an entirely new margin administration infrastructure. Even if you have posted margin to dealers before, it is likely that you’ve not had to receive collateral, verify the accuracy of the calls or verify the regulatory eligibility of the collateral you received. Now it’s on you.

Your key steps:

  • Counterparty Schedule
  • Segregation Options
  • Deliver/Receive Assets
Helpful tips
  1. Explore the difference between Triparty and Third Party segregation to figure out the better fit for your firm.
  2. Conduct a frank appraisal of your internal capacity to manage the collateral process or whether you need to outsource management to a third party.
  3. Be cognizant that some “low-touch” margin solution providers actually involve more direct participation on your part than you might expect.
  4. Use electronic collateral schedules to minimize the potential for paper-based mistakes and to enable you to see your entire pledged margin book.
  5. Post-trade you’ll have to monitor IM and adjust the amount of margin posted on a mark-to-market basis, in addition to filing reports to regulators. Consider partnering with a collateral administrator that can provide these services.

Risk Manager

Your job is to minimize risk throughout the margin process, spotting potential trouble spots and ensuring rigorous risk controls are in place to ensure that pitfalls are avoided and everything runs without a hitch.

Your key steps:

  • Custodian Selection
  • Counterparty Schedule
  • Segregation Options
  • Counterparty Matching
  • Post-Settlement Obligations
Helpful tips
  1. For many, the rules will involve an entirely new process – start work early to learn about those new stages and identify those that could inject risk into the workflow – whether market, credit or operation risk.
  2. Thoroughly review and test the new infrastructure to discover any weaknesses where trade flow mistakes could occur – such as erroneous transfers of cash or securities collateral.
  3. Determine which legal jurisdictions your firm is captured under for posting and receiving margin and what collateral is acceptable when receiving and posting. Remember you may need to comply with multiple jurisdictions.
  4. Review the operational processes when setting up with a Triparty or Third Party custodian to ensure that your firm has the capacity to manage the regulatory requirements.
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Further Reading

Navigating Uncharted Waters

How Brevan Howard approached the Non-Cleared Margin Rules.

Read the story

ISDA SIMM

Looking for information about the Standardized IM Methodology? Find it here.

Read more about ISDA SIMM

A Calm Before the Storm?

Scores of buysiders are preparing to be hit by the next wave of the non-cleared margin rules.

Read the story

ISDA: Ready for IM Regulatory Requirements

This online tool provides buy-side firms with a legal review on the enforceability of netting and collateral arrangements in key jurisdictions across the globe.

Download the ISDA (PDF 151 KB)

EU Regulation on Non-cleared Derivatives

Read the EU regulation that brought the Non-Cleared Margin Rules into force in Europe.

Read the EU regulation

CFTC Final Rule on Margin Requirements for Uncleared Swaps

You can find the CFTC rule enforcing the margin requirements in the US here.

Download the CFTC (PDF 745 KB)
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The Finest Resources, Revealed

BNY Mellon prides itself on having assembled the finest resources in order to provide clients with best-in-class solutions across the Non-Cleared Margin rules lifecycle.

These capabilities extend across the breadth of our business, from custody and segregation, to triparty collateral management to securities finance.

Here are just a few examples of our capabilities that can assist you in meeting your Non-Cleared Margin obligations.